Tuesday, April 23, 2013

Jonatan Lona
Per5
4/10/13
Common Childhood injuries
There are a lot of injuries your baby could face in the first months of your baby’s life. The most
 Common injuries your baby could face are burns, poisoning, choking, and head injuries.  Some of the other injuries that may happen are because you are holding your baby wrong. Most of the common injuries happen when your baby begin it first steps.

Some of the most common injures happen because of burns poisoning and choking and head injuries. Be sure to watch your baby at all time and make sure everything is secure. Some of the most common burns happen from sunburns, electrical burns and stove burns and lamp burns. Some of the most common poisonings your baby could face come from digesting medicines, shampoo, after shave, perfume, vitamins, and cleaning products. Head injuries your baby could face are falls from falling of a high chair, bed, furniture, stairs, and slippery floors or play equipment. These are just some of the injuries your baby could face other injuries your babe could face are drowning strangulation, nose injuries, contusions, and eye injuries.

Holding your baby is a big thing because you may think it doesn’t do much when really it does. You could just be playing with your baby and could be holding him wrong. One of the most common baby injuries is pulled elbow. It is caused by picking up your child by one arm or jerking his arm forcefully or swinging him around. You have to be very careful when holding your baby their bones are still very fragile.  

Most of the common injuries happen when your baby begins taking their first steps. They’re starting to explore the world and sometimes grab things that their not suppose to. Or they take a bad fall when walking. Some falls can be very serious for some babies or they can be minor but it’s just an inconvenience of heir play time Just try to overreact. A baby can sense when a mom or dad is scared rushing to their aid every time they fall can cause your baby to become overly cautious or make them quick to cry when they get hurt or not. If you baby sobs and whimpers after a minor tumble calmly comfort him and encourage him to get back up.  

 These are just some the most common baby injuries you should watch out for. There are many more injuries you should watch out for like drowning and nose injuries strangulation poisoning contusions. You should make sure everything is that can be toxic to baby like bleach or medicines should be securely sealed. You should always keep an eye on your baby never leave him unattended.  
                                                  

Child hood report website

Media Influence on Children

Medias Influence on Children
By: Emily McManus

Though many parents believe that the amount of media their child consumes does not affect their well being, research has proved otherwise. Studies have found links to obesity, eating disorders, attention disorders, violence, sex, drug use, and a child's general perception of the real world. It may suggest what a person should wear, what people should eat, or what basic morals they should hold. Media can lay influence on a child through obvious sources such as television or the internet, but it can also appear in music, movies, video games, magazines, and advertising.


One of the major negative effects that media productions have children is their showcase of violence. Thousands of studies have linked media use and aggressive behavior. By age 18, a child will, on average, have witnessed 200,000 acts of violence, including 18,000 murders. (http://www.cleancutmedia.com/tv-shows/tv-medias-influence-on-child-development) It is likely that children who witness this violence may believe that it is appropriate behavior under the same circumstances. the top three causes of death among 15- to 19-year-olds all involve accidental or intended violence. The top three causes of death among 15- to 19-year-olds all involve accidental or intended violence. Video games that are war related, will give the player the sense that he or she is invincible, with the illusion of unlimited lives. Though it would be difficult to say that these teenagers committed these acts of violence based on medias influence on them, it has been supported by multiple studies that what they are watching on television has had a major influence on their ability to comprehend right from wrong.



It is no secret that the number of obese children in America has grown massively within the last twenty years, and continues to heighten. People across the country have several different theories as to why this epidemic may be such a concern in today's youth. Some people suggest that food production companies are making their food more fattening and unhealthy, in order to compete with the competition. Others day that the potential to become obese may be part of a persons genetic makeup, but this theory does not explain why obesity has just recently become such a significant health problem, especially in children. Health experts have no doubt in their mind that in most cases, childhood obesity is caused indirectly by excessive television consumption. Children tend to snack while they are watching a TV show, without comprehending that they are not really hungry, and this becomes a habit. They are also constantly being bombarded with advertisements promoting unhealthy foods such as fast food, chips, soda, and other high calorie snacks. These unhealthy choices eventually become their preference. According to a survey done by the Kaiser Family Foundation, kids watch about twenty-eight hours of televised programming a week. (http://www.education.com/reference/article/media-influence-children) Those twenty-eight hours are hours that the child could instead be doing homework, playing sports, or excersising. Studies have shown that decreasing the amount of TV kids watched led to less weight gain and lower body mass index. Considering these factors, it is not a mystery why children who watch more TV, have a higher risk of becoming obese.


There are several medical conditions, that have been proven to be caused by excessive television watching. Several different medical studies have shown that long periods of television consumption may affect the development of the pre-frontal cortex, the section of the brain that is responsible for planning, organizing and sequencing behavior for self-control, moral judgment and attention. This is believed to be the explanation of increasing cases of attention deficit disorder. Also, children who spend their days watching television or substituting their opportunity to read which develops language skills, or to have their parents read aloud to them, which improves their comprehension skills. These are just a few of the many negative tolls that excessive television and media consumption can have on a child's development.

A study was conducted by an education professor to try to pinpoint just how much television consumption is "too much." Linda Pagani followed 1,300 children for over seven years, measuring the amount of TV the kids watched at age two and a half, and again at age four and a half. They were able to link how much television they were watching with their scholastic performance by asking their teachers to asses their development. Pagani used the assessments from the teachers to conclude that each additional hour spent in front of the TV per week at age two and a half corresponded to a seven percent decrease in classroom engagement, a six percent decrease in overall math achievement, and a ten percent increase in being bullied by peers. "These findings suggest that kids who watch too much TV are "learning to be just a passive receptacle," Pagani says.(http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2212/Media-Influence-on-Children.html)

Although almost all health and behavioral health experts agree that television consumption has more negative effects then positive effects, they have developed strategies to practice healthy television consumption habits. One suggestion is to only allow the child to watch an approved DVD or a TV show prerecorded on the DVR when a parent is not present to monitor what they are viewing. Children will often mindlessly watch TV, strictly out of boredom. They may not realize what other activities they might otherwise be participating in, so it important for the parent to often give the child some alternate ideas. Last but most importantly, the parent must be sure that these TV rules are clearly laid out and being followed. The parent must make a solid point that watching television is a privilege, an if the rules are abused, they will be provoked. With these healthy habits being practiced, it is easy for a child to enjoy the pastime of watching television, without it harming their well-being.


Mental Disabilities in Children and Adults


by Shannon Fontana 


       I work for People Service, which cares for Mentally Disabled people. Therefore, this topic hits close to my heart. I would love for others to understand the way they think and the way they communicate. Many people treat them as if they are not people, but animals. These people are not incompetent,they have feelings,and they know what hurt is. I once read an article referring to them as "trainable". Last time I checked they are people, just like you and I in many ways. Obviously, they may not have what some may call a "normal" physical appearance,and sure they may be slower,but they are human beings, just like you and I.


Mental retardation refers to substantial limitation in present function. It is characterized by significantly sub-average intellectual functioning, being able to accurately relate limitation in two or more of the following applicable adaptive skill areas; communication, self-care, home living, social skills, community use, self direction, health and safety, functional academics, leisure and work. Mental retardation happens before age 18.

Many people think that mental illness and mental disability are the same thing,but they are not. Although a disease may be a cause, mental retardation is a condition and not an illness. Mental retardation occurs when normal development fails to take place, while mental illness is a disorder of thinking and emotion. Because of the many frustrations experienced by a person with mental retardation, it is not uncommon to find emotional problems with the label "mental retardation," but the two are not the same.

However, if these terms are used as "Labels" with a certain set of expectations, or used at anytime instead of just saying "People" or the person's name, then they are not worth knowing or using at all. Individuals should not be "labeled" or devalued due to a medical condition... or any other reason. People with developmental disabilities are people first and should be respected, and treated as valued citizens at all times.

Teen laughing.

11 Facts about Mental Disabilities

  1. About 5.5 million of U.S. children aged 6-17 have been diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
  2. Boys are more than twice as likely to be diagnosed with ADHD than girls.
  3. An estimated 12 of every 1,000 U.S. school children have mental retardation, a disorder characterized by a significantly below average score on a test of mental ability and limitations in such areas as self-direction; school, work, and leisure activities; and daily-living, social, and communication skills.
  4. About 1 in 5 children have a language-based disability. One is called dyslexia, a learning disability that manifests primarily as a difficulty with written language, particularly with reading and spelling.
  5. Autism affects about two to six in every 1,000 kids, but no one knows what causes it.
  6. Kids who have autism usually keep to themselves and some can't communicate without special help.
  7. Every six out of 10,000 children have some form of pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), which means they have some but not all symptoms of autism.
  8. Over three million Americans (approximately 1%) stutter. An estimated 20% of children go through a phase of stuttering.
  9. Stuttering affects four times as many males as females.
  10. Anxiety disorders affect about 40 million American adults (about 18%) in a given year. Most developed symptoms as children, but since anxiety disorders are often overlooked or misjudged, they were never treated and consequently carried the disorder into adulthood.
  11. If left untreated, children with anxiety disorders are at higher risk to do poorly in school and are more vulnerable to drug and alcohol abuse
Sources:
Kids Health
BBC News
Stuttering Help
National Institute of Mental Health
Anxiety Disorders Association of America
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention



Mentally challenged children are slow to learn, slow to process thought and have an impaired adaptive ability. They may also be slow in their physical development. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychology states that, to be diagnosed as mentally challenged, a child has to have both a significantly low IQ and serious difficulties functioning in his/her day-to-day life. According to Mark Dombeck, Ph.D., licensed psychologist and director of MentalHelp.net, a child with an IQ of 75 or lower falls into the mentally challenged range.

 

Some emotional and behavioral characteristics that are present in most mentally challenged children are that they are aware that they are not as intellectually adept as their peers. For them, knowing that can lead to self-esteem issues, as well as emotional and behavioral problems. Younger children may be withdrawn or anxious, or they may exhibit angry or attention-seeking outbursts. Teenagers may exhibit signs of depression. These problems, if not treated, can slow down a child's progress even more.

Misconceptions

Mentally challenged children often have accompanying physical problems, such as vision or hearing deficiencies, epilepsy or speech impairment. Although these problems are often associated with mental retardation, they are not the cause of mental retardation in and of themselves.

There are no personality traits common to all mentally challenged people. Characteristics like stubbornness and a low tolerance for frustration are often associated with mental retardation. However, many mentally challenged children are happy and passive. Like children with average mental abilities, intellectually disabled children have a broad range of personality types, and respond to challenges in their own unique ways.

People often believe that mentally challenged children lack the capacity to learn. However, most mentally challenged children can actually learn a great deal, and can even expect to live moderately independent lives in adulthood. They just need the patience of others who are willing to work with them day by day..

Friday, April 19, 2013

Childhood obesity



A big problem today in the US is childhood obesity, one in five kids in the US, between the age of five and seventeen are considered over weight.  Now that is a problem, especially in Mexican children they have a higher percentage then anyone else in the USA(40%). It’s a ten percent difference for African Americans, and Caucasian Americans(30%).              Childhood obesity can be brought on by a few different things ,and normally it’s a combination of things. This could be family environments and genetics. If both parents are obese then the child has a good chance to follow the same path as their parents. It is also a luck thing, those who are lucky enough to get an more parsimonious energy metabolism, will digest food easier, and faster. So those who don’t have a  parsimonious energy metabolism will have problems digesting food, especially the cheap energy dense food that America is making these days. So it is a problem for people to digest this cheap food, that is so available for people today.                                        
 






 
In today’s society  we have made things easier for people, so it will take less and less effort to do things now a day, we have been making things to help people who cant do things, but some people use them because it is just easier for them. So because people are using the easy way it is making people work less and less for what they need to do, or want.
 
These are other causes of childhood obesity.
·         Poor eating habits
·         Over eating and binging
·         Lack of exercise
·         Family history of obesity
·         Medical illnesses
·         Medications
·         Stressful life events or changes
·         Family and peer problems
·         Low self-esteem
·         Depression or other emotional problems

 

 
These are other complications of obesity
·         Increase risk of heart disease
·         High blood pressure
·         Diabetes
·         Breathing problems
·         Trouble sleeping
Child and adolescent obesity is also associated with increased risk of emotional problems.  Teens with weight problems tend to have much lower self-esteem and be less popular with their peers.

Music and Babies



Music and Babies- by Avery Gibson
http://o5.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/BabyMusic.jpg
Music, it’s all around us wherever you go whether it is in a mall or out in nature you can hear music. People now-a-days have the power to listen to music wherever they go most people have MP3s, IPods, or other music devices such as smartphones. Music affects everyone’s lives consciously and subconsciously. For instance, if you are sad you can listen to a happy upbeat song and it will make you feel better even singing music can make you happy or make others happy as well.

Studies say that when a baby hears its mother singing it calms down the baby the mother doesn’t even have to have a great singing voice. When the music has a gentle melody it will soothe the baby and help it sleep and stay asleep throughout the night. When it is a more upbeat song it will get the baby to play more during his play times.

Music has also been known to boost other types of education. For instance, when babies listened to music as kids they have been known to be better in other types of subjects like Math, English, and even some sciences.

Studies have been done on babies at the age of one smile more and communicate better when they listen to interactive music.
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-sSrugYMeKIs/TrvCApuQFbI/AAAAAAAACDE/5Hyb1LUbBNE/s1600/dvd+baby+as+einstein.jpg "Babies who participated in the interactive music classes with their parents showed earlier sensitivity to the pitch structure in music," says Trainor. "Specifically, they preferred to listen to a version of a piano piece that stayed in key, versus a version that included out-of-key notes. Infants who participated in the passive listening classes did not show the same preferences. Even their brains responded to music differently. Infants from the interactive music classes showed larger and/or earlier brain responses to musical tones."





“Where words fail, music speaks.”
            -Hans Christian Andersen

Autism



Autism
Natasha Hardy

Around the world 1 out of 91 kids have autism. There are different intensities of autism, some are way worse than others. Some people or kids who have autism are able to actually control themselves when they get too much of an emotion. There is no known knowledge of the causes of autism. Brain scans show differences in the shape and structure of the brain in children with autism versus neuro-typical children.
The biggest question that people ask themselves is: “How do I know if my child has autism?” There are a few different signs of knowing if your child has autism. One sign is that if your child doesn’t babble or point by age 1, also no single words by 16 months or two word phrases. No response to their own name, loss of language or social skills, and also poor eye contact. Lining up their toys or other objects, and no smiling and unresponsive a lot of the times. These are all early signs of knowing if your child has autism.
The later signs of knowing if your child has autism are when they have trouble becoming social with other kids their age. They aren’t very good at holding a conversation with someone for a long period of time. They also repeat themselves a lot and have their own way of how they word things.
There aren’t just genetical problems with autistic kids but there are also environmental issues with it too. Environmental issues such as toxins like mercury. Many children with autism or those who are at risk of developing autism have a metabolic impairment that reduces their ability to rid their bodies of heavy metals and other toxins.  The buildup of these toxins in the body can cause brain and nervous system damage.

Unfortunately there is no cure for autism but you can help your child to learn how to deal with their disability. Therapists who deal with this disability use highly structured and intensive skill orientated training in order to help the child to get better with their social skills. Also family therapy is a good thing to do especially those families who have an autistic child. It would help to get the family to learn more about autism and also how to cope with it.

Drugs and pregnancy By Nicole Evelyn Pagan

Studies show that taking any kind of drug like, Cocaine, weed, speed, meth, heroin, PCP and LSD, methamphetamine, amphetamine, and ect can cause a lot of birth defects like underweight births, premature births, stillborn birth, withdraw syndrome, behavior problems in early childhood, brain structure changes that persist into early adolescence, physical and mental problems, stroke in an unborn fetus resulting in brain damage or even death, and miscarriage.


to find out more information please visit these web sites

The Power of Neglect

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/neglect/chapterthree.cfm

http://www.minddisorders.com/Kau-Nu/Neglect.html

http://www.acrf.org/Self-StudyCourses/neglectcourse/n2brain.htm

http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/can-faq7

http://www.healthcareasia.org/2012/emotionally-neglected-children-may-have-higher-stroke-risk-in-adulthood/




The Impact of Neglect

Raven H.~
How does neglect effect children, neglect has a powerful impact on a child, it may not show when they are very young unless it is a extreme case. However, the effects of neglect are hurtful and can be long-lasting foe the children and can become sever as a child grows older. According to Child Maltreatment 2010 they estimated 695,000 children were found to be victims of child maltreatment in the federal fiscal year (FFY) 2010. More than one-half of states (29) reported a decreased number of victims when it was compared to 2009. An estimated 78% from the 695,000 are from child neglect, 2% were medically neglected and an estimated 10 percent of victim (10.3) experienced "other" types of maltreatment such as "abandonment," "threats of harm to the child," and "congenital drug addiction."
Neglect can affect a child’s…
·         Health and physical development
·         Intellectual development
·         Emotional and psychological development
·         Social and behavioral development
Although there are four categories of neglect's effects on an individual, they often are related. For example, if a child experiences neglect that leads to a delayed development of the brain, this may lead to cognitive delays or psychological problems, which may manifest as social and behavioral problems.
·         The impact of neglect can vary based on:
·         The child's age;
·         The presence and strength of protective factors;
·         The frequency, duration, and severity of the neglect;
·         The relationship between the child and caregiver.
Research shows that the first few years of children's lives are crucial and sensitive periods for development. During these years, neural synapses are formed at a very high rate. After the age of 3, synapses start to be "pruned," and certain pathways that are not used may be discarded. Studies supporting the idea of a sensitive developmental period show that maltreated infants suffer from greater developmental disabilities than those children who were maltreated later in childhood. One example of this is the ability to form attachments with one's primary caregiver. If this process is disrupted early in children's lives, they may have difficulty forming healthy relationships throughout their lives. Although learning can happen throughout life, it often is more difficult for children who were deprived of certain types of early stimulation.


Health and Physical Development

Studies show that neglected children can be at risk for many physical problems, including failure to thrive, severe diaper rash and other skin infections, recurrent and persistent minor infections, malnourishment, and impaired brain development. Because neglect includes medical neglect, other health problems can arise from the failure of the parents to obtain necessary medical care for their children. If children do not receive the proper immunizations, prescribed medications, necessary surgeries, or other interventions, there can be serious consequences, such as impaired brain development or poor physical health. For example, a child who does not receive proper dental care might be all right in the short term, but suffer from tooth decay and gum disease later in life. Children with diabetes may be fine without treatment for a short while, but an extended delay in treatment could have serious consequences and possibly result in death.
A new research suggests children who are emotionally neglected may have a higher risk of stroke in adulthood.
Emotional neglect is defined as failing to provide for a child’s needs emotionally.
“Studies have shown that children who were neglected emotionally in childhood are at an increased risk of a slew of psychiatric disorders, however, our study is one of few that look at an association between emotional neglect and stroke,” said study author Robert S. Wilson, PhD, with Rush University Medical Center in Chicago.
For the study, 1,040 participants who were 55 years of age or older took a survey measuring physical and emotional abuse before the age of 18. Questions focused on whether the participant felt loved by their caregiver, were made to feel afraid or intimidated and whether they were punished with a belt or other object.
Questions about divorce and financial need were also included. 
Over a period of three and a half years, 257 people in the study died, of which 192 had a brain autopsy to look for signs of stroke. Forty of the participants had evidence of a stroke based on their medical history or an examination. A total of 89 people had signs of a stroke based on the autopsy results.
The study found that the risk of stroke was nearly three times higher in those who reported a moderately high level of childhood emotional neglect than those who reported a moderately low level. The results stayed the same after considering factors such as diabetes, physical activity, smoking, anxiety and heart problems.
“The results add to a growing body of evidence suggesting that traumatic childhood experiences and physical illness in adulthood may be linked,” said Kevin Barrett, MD, MSc, with the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., and a member of the American Academy of Neurology, who wrote an editorial on the research.
Wilson noted that a limitation of the study is that neglect was reported from memory many years after occurrence, so participants may not have remembered events accurately.
The study has been published in the latest online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Impaired Brain Development

Child neglect has been associated with a failure of the brain to form properly, which can lead to impaired physical, mental, and emotional development. The brain of a child who has been maltreated may develop in such a way that it is adaptive for the child's negative environment, but is maladaptive for functional or positive environments. A maltreated child's brain may adapt for day-to-day survival, but may not allow the child to develop fully healthy cognitive and social skills. Children who are neglected early in life may remain in a state of "hyper-arousal" in which they are constantly anticipating threats, or they may experience dissociation with a decreased ability to benefit from social, emotional, and cognitive experiences. To be able to learn, a child's brain needs to be in a state of "attentive calm," which is rare for maltreated children. If a child is unable to learn new information, this may cause some areas of the brain to remain inactive, possibly resulting in delayed or stunted brain growth. It also can impair functioning later in life and may lead to the child being anxious, acting overly aggressive, or being withdrawn.

How does Neglect Impact the Brain?

Pregnancy and the first three years of life are the most active periods of brain development in our lives. The following paragraphs are taken from the work of Dr. Bruce Perry, a pioneer in the work of brain development in children and the impact of maltreatment and trauma.
Huge portions of the human brain are devoted to social functions and communication including establishing and maintaining eye contact, reading faces, judgments and more. When a baby is born, his brain houses over one hundred billion neurons that will chart paths and make connections based on the social experiences they encounter. By the age of two and a half, approximately 85 percent of the baby's neurological growth is complete, meaning the foundation of their brain's capacity is in place. By age three, the child's brain is 90 percent of its completed adult size.
In a remarkable cycle of stimulus and response, the budding brain builds itself using chemical signals generated by vision, smell, touch, hearing and taste to activate and organize the neural cells that make up its tissue and determine the brain's capacity to process, retain and respond to information.
Think of it in terms of nutrition. If a baby is not fed consistent, predictable messages of love and communication, then those areas of the brain shut down and the child's capacity to function later in life is compromised.
- Dr. Bruce Perry

How Does Neglect and Trauma Impact the Brain?

Dr. Bruce Perry has researched how the brain develops in response to trauma. To understand his results, let's review how a healthy brain develops.
Think of the brain as a upside down pyramid. At the bottom and developing first is the BRAINSTEM which monitors basic responses such as breathing and heartbeat. The next to develop is the MIDBRAIN which focuses on survival functions such as safety and responses to threats. Farther up this upside down pyramid is the LIMBIC system which controls feelings and emotions. The largest and the part of the brain last to develop are the CORTICAL functions which include our frontal lobes and parts of the brain that control executive functions such as reasoning, planning, anticipating, and predicting. The executive functions develop most rapidly during adolescences and early adulthood. Below is what a healthy, well-balanced brain should look like from bottom to top.

How Does Neglect and Trauma Impact the Brain?

Dr. Bruce Perry has researched how the brain develops in response to trauma. To understand his results, let's review how a healthy brain develops.
Think of the brain as a upside down pyramid. At the bottom and developing first is the BRAINSTEM which monitors basic responses such as breathing and heartbeat. The next to develop is the MIDBRAIN which focuses on survival functions such as safety and responses to threats. Farther up this upside down pyramid is the LIMBIC system which controls feelings and emotions. The largest and the part of the brain last to develop are the CORTICAL functions which include our frontal lobes and parts of the brain that control executive functions such as reasoning, planning, anticipating, and predicting. The executive functions develop most rapidly during adolescences and early adulthood. Below is what a healthy, well-balanced brain should look like from bottom to top.

Normal development results in a healthy brain that is proportioned about 2 to 1. That means the combined Cortical and Limbic systems should be about twice as big as the combined Midbrain and Brainstem systems. This proportion of brain development allows the Limbic and Cortical functions (higher reasoning skills) to modulate and control and balance the Brainstem and Midbrain functions (reactive and reflexive functions). When we try to teach children think before you act, we are asking them to use one part of their brain to help them assess and control what another part of the brain wants to do out of instinct.
What Dr. Perry found in his research is that when young children experience severe trauma, the Brainstem/Midbrain portion of the brain seems to overdevelop, meaning children will have overdeveloped safety and stress responses and act more impulsively, even though the Thinking/Feeling part of the brain (the Cortical/Limbic systems) may be normally sized.
When children experienced neglect, they often did not develop the Thinking/Feeling parts of the brain resulting in an underdevelopment of the higher reasoning parts of the brain. The worst combination of maltreatment was when children experienced both neglect and trauma. That resulted in overdevelopment of the Brainstem/Midbrain functions ( resulting in anxiety, impulsivity, poor affect regulation, motor hyperactivity) and underdevelopment of Limbic/Cortical functions (which affected empathy and problem solving skills). The result looks like this.
Neglect during infancy, including nutritional deficits during pregnancy, can impact a child’s development of brain capacity and size. When neglect is combined with trauma, a child’s brain develops in a survival style to help him stay safe. This may result in a child being initially “wired” for survival—being impulsive, anxious, acting from instinct instead of reason, and not able to understand or identify his feelings easily.


Poor Physical Health

The physical problems associated with neglect may start even before an infant is born, such as when the mother has had little or no prenatal care or smoked during pregnancy. These children may be born prematurely and have complications at birth.
 Neglected children also can have severe physical injuries, possibly due to the inattention of their parents, such as central nervous system and craniofacial injuries, fractures, and severe burns. They also may be dirty and unhygienic, leading to even more health problems, such as lice or infections. Children also may be exposed to toxins that could cause anemia, cancer, heart disease, poor immune functioning, and asthma.
For example, exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollutants, such as ozone, particulate matter, and sulphur dioxide, can cause the development of asthma or increase the frequency or severity of asthma attacks. Additionally, children may have health problems due to a lack of medical attention for injury or illness, including chronic health problems. Neglected children may suffer from dehydration or diarrhea that can lead to more severe problems if unattended.
A medical condition associated with child neglect is "failure to thrive," which can be defined as "children whose growth deviates significantly from the norms for their age and gender." This condition typically occurs in infants and toddlers under the age of 2 years. Failure to thrive can be manifested as significant growth delays, as well as:
·         Poor muscle tone;
·         Unhappy or minimal facial expressions;
·         Decreased vocalizations;
·         General unresponsiveness.
Failure to thrive can be caused by organic or nonorganic factors, but some doctors may not make such a sharp distinction because physical and behavioral causes often appear together. With organic failure to thrive, the child's delayed growth can be attributed to a physical cause, usually a condition that inhibits the child's ability to take in, digest, or process food. When failure to thrive is a result of the parent's neglectful behavior, it is considered nonorganic.
Treatment for failure to thrive depends on the cause of the delayed growth and development, as well as the child's age, overall health, and medical history. For example, delayed growth due to nutritional factors can be addressed by educating the parents on an appropriate and well-balanced diet for the child. Additionally, parental attitudes and behavior may contribute to a child's problems and need to be examined. In many cases, the child may need to be hospitalized initially to focus on implementation of a comprehensive medical, behavioral, and psychosocial treatment plan. Even with treatment, failure to thrive may have significant long-term consequences for children, such as growth retardation, diminished cognitive ability, mental retardation, socio-emotional deficits, and poor impulse control.
Neglect in itself occurs when a parent or other caretaker chooses not to take care for, provide for, or adequately supervise and monitor the activities of their child. Taking care of a child includes the physical, emotional, and educational well-being of the child. Neglect can also happen when the parent or caretaker does not seek adequate medical or dental care for the child. Another definition of neglect is when the parental figure does not provide sufficient food, clothing, or shelter.
The guardian of the child is expected to provide for the emotional needs of the child, neglect can occur when the parents abandon the child, or simply have no time to spend or take care of the child thus neglecting the child and having him/her take care of themselves. If the child is left without supervision, it is considered neglect.


Effects of Neglect

The consequences of neglect often negatively affect the child’s development. For example, poor nutrition has negative consequences on the child’s physical and mental development. If not properly taken care of and if the proper nutrients are not available to the child the development of the child will not be on the normal pattern. That can include stunned growth, chronic medical problems, inadequate bone and muscle growth, and a lack of brain development will negatively affect the brain functioning and information processing. Processing problems may often make it difficult for children to understand directions, may negatively impact the child's ability to understand social relationships, or may make completion of some academic tasks impossible without assistance from others. A lack of or no medical care may result in long-term health problems or impairments such as hearing loss from untreated ear infections. Long-term mental health effects of neglect are inconsistent. Effects of neglect can range from chronic depression to difficulty with relationships; however, not all adults neglected as children will suffer from these results. Some individuals are more resilient than others and are able to move beyond the emotional neglect they may have experienced. Characteristics of resilient individuals include an optimistic or hopeful outlook on life, and feeling challenged rather than defeated by problems.

Experience

This may not be as long or as detailed as the rest of this but most if not all of this is true(above not this, this is real). If it was not for my grandparents I would more than likly be dead from neglect because of my mother. When I was a baby I would be given old milk that had been out for hours and get sick, she would not change my dipers, and I would be left on the floor crying.
The one's that would help me would be my grandparents, I had gotten no love from my mother, when I was older but not in school, in order to save money for herself she would take us to a place that made me sick from the smell, almost all the time I would be throwing up and not eat while she did. She would not take me to the docters when I was sick(which was a lot), not untill my grandparents yelled at her for hours would she take me, same with the dentist,(I have a small problem with my teeth because of it)
It is hard for me to interact with other people, I hold up walls and be rude to new people because I always think they want to hurt me too. I am sometimes overly paranoid and jumpy too. I dont understand things that others know without having to be told what it feels like, I just dont understand. I just know hurt, and pain by heart, I have to learn the others by hand but I would not know what it is when I feel it. I dont know what it means to like like someone or what it means to love someone. Hell I dont even know how I am to react to some of the things that my friends say or do, I wait untill someone reacts so that I know what to do or how to act. I am better at it now but it is still hard for me to do things and understand them.
Neglect, it is not something that should be taken lightly, it can kill, be it a life or a life style.